Simulium damnosum is a species of black fly that is found in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, the Middle East, and parts of Asia. It is a small fly, measuring about 2-3 mm in length, with a black body and a pair of wings. It has a long proboscis, which it uses to feed on the blood of its hosts. It is a vector for the transmission of Onchocerciasis, a parasitic disease that can cause blindness. Simulium damnosum is found in fast-flowing rivers and streams, and can live up to two weeks. Its population is estimated to be in the millions.
Name Origin: Simulium damnosum is a species of black fly that is known to transmit the parasitic disease, river blindness. The name of this organism is derived from the Latin words "simul" meaning "at the same time" and "damnosum" meaning "harmful". This is likely in reference to the fact that the fly is capable of transmitting the disease at the same time as it feeds on its host.
Related Species: Simulium adersi, Simulium chutteri, Simulium damnosum s.l., Simulium exiguum, Simulium guineense, Simulium hirsutum, Simulium leoninum, Simulium moucheti, Simulium neavei, Simulium nubaense, Simulium ochraceum, Simulium pfeifferi, Simulium posticatum, Simulium rufipes, Simulium squamosum, Simulium vittatum