Appearance Summary: The Spinus psaltria is a small songbird with a bright yellow head, back, and rump. Its wings and tail are black with white edges, and its underparts are white. It has a black mask that extends from its bill to its eyes, and a white throat. Its bill is short and conical, and its legs and feet are pink. It has a distinctive call that is a series of short, high-pitched notes.
Facial description: Spinus psaltria has a black face with a white eyebrow stripe and a white throat. It has a yellow crown and nape, and a yellowish-green back. Its wings are black with two white wing bars. Its tail is black with white outer tail feathers. Its bill is black and its legs and feet are gray.
What are the distinct features of American Goldfinch? Small size, yellow-green upperparts, grayish-white underparts, white wing bars, black lores, thin pointed bill, white eyebrow, black chin, white throat, black tail with white outer feathers, sings a high-pitched, thin, warbling song, forages in flocks, often hangs upside down to feed on seeds.
What makes them unique?
American Goldfinch body color description: The most common colors of Spinus psaltria are olive green, gray, and yellow.
skin type: The Spinus psaltria has a smooth, glossy exterior with a bright yellow-green color. Its wings are a darker green with black and white stripes, and its tail is a deep blue with white spots.
Strengths: Camouflage, Migration, Adaptability, Social Behavior, High Reproductive Rate
Weaknesses: Poor vision, Low reproductive rate, Limited habitat range, Susceptible to disease, Poor dispersal ability