Sterna paradisaea, commonly known as the Arctic Tern, is a medium-sized seabird with a white body, black cap, and red bill. It has long, pointed wings and a deeply forked tail. It breeds in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America, and migrates to the Antarctic and back each year, making it the bird with the longest migration. It typically lives for 20-30 years and its current population is estimated to be around 1.5 million individuals.
Name Origin: The scientific name of the organism, Sterna paradisaea, is derived from the Latin words for "stern" and "paradise". The name is thought to have been given to the species due to its beautiful plumage, which is reminiscent of a paradise.
Related Species: Sterna hirundo, Sterna albifrons, Sterna bengalensis, Sterna repressa, Sterna sandvicensis, Sterna dougallii