Black Blister Beetle


Black Blister Beetle (Brachinus fumans) Details

Brachinus fumans is a species of ground beetle found in Europe and North Africa. It is black in color with a yellow-orange band on its elytra. It is approximately 8-10 mm in length and has a short, broad body. It is found in dry, sandy habitats such as dunes and steppes. Its lifespan is approximately one year and its current population is stable.

Name Origin: The scientific name Brachinus fumans is derived from the Latin word brachinus, meaning "armed with a spear," and the Latin word fumans, meaning "smoking." This is likely a reference to the species' defensive behavior of releasing a noxious chemical spray when threatened.

Related Species: Brachinus crepitans, Brachinus explodens, Brachinus elongatulus

Brachinus fumans scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Coleoptera

Family: Carabidae

Genus: Coleoptera

Species: Beetle

Understanding the Black Blister Beetle habitat

Brachinus fumans are found in a variety of habitats, but they prefer to live in moist, sandy soils. They are often found in areas with plenty of leaf litter and decaying wood, as they feed on the decaying organic matter. They are also found in areas with plenty of vegetation, as they use the vegetation for shelter. They are active during the day and can be seen running around in search of food. Other animals that can be found in the same habitat include beetles, spiders, and other small invertebrates. They are an important part of the food chain, as they provide food for larger animals such as birds and small mammals.

Native country: Europe, North Africa.

Native continent: They are native to Europe, mainly found in France.

Other organisms found in habitat: Beetles, Ants, Spiders, Grasses, Wildflowers, Mosses

Physical characteristics of the Brachinus fumans

Appearance Summary: Brachinus fumans is a species of ground beetle that is black in color with a metallic sheen. It has a long, slender body with a length of up to 8mm and a width of up to 4mm. Its head is narrower than its thorax and its antennae are short and clubbed. Its legs are long and slender and its elytra are short and rounded. It has a distinct yellow-orange band on its pronotum and a yellow-orange line on its elytra. Its legs and antennae are also yellow-orange in color.

What are the distinct features of Black Blister Beetle? Small, black, oval-shaped, winged, predatory ground beetle, emits a foul-smelling liquid when disturbed, nocturnal, feeds on small insects, larvae, and other invertebrates, active during the summer months

What makes them unique?

Black Blister Beetle body color description: Black and brown

skin type: The Brachinus fumans has a smooth, glossy exterior with a metallic sheen. Its body is segmented and has a hard, chitinous texture.

Strengths: Mobility, Camouflage, Reproductive Capacity, Ability to Adapt

Weaknesses: Susceptible to desiccation, Poor dispersal ability, Limited habitat range, Low reproductive rate

Common Black Blister Beetle behavior

Brachinus fumans behavior summary: Brachinus fumans, commonly known as the Bombardier Beetle, is an insect that is able to defend itself by releasing a hot, noxious spray from its abdomen. It walks by using its six legs, and hides in dark, damp places. When threatened, it will raise its abdomen and spray its attacker with a hot, noxious liquid. It also interacts with its environment by using its antennae to sense its surroundings and detect potential predators. It also interacts with other organisms by using its mandibles to feed on small insects.

How do they defend themselves? Brachinus fumans, commonly known as the Bombardier Beetle, defends itself from attacks by releasing a hot, noxious spray from its abdomen. This spray is composed of a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and hydroquinones, which can reach temperatures of up to 100°C. The spray is released in a series of short bursts, which can be aimed at the attacker. This defense mechanism is an effective deterrent for most predators.

How do Black Blister Beetle respond to stimuli in their environment? Chemical, Visual, Auditory

How do Black Blister Beetle gather food? Brachinus fumans, commonly known as the ant-lion, is an insect that hunts by waiting in the sand for its prey. It uses its large mandibles to capture and hold its prey, which usually consists of ants and other small insects. To survive, the ant-lion needs a sandy environment with plenty of food sources, such as ants, to feed on. Challenges faced by the ant-lion include competition from other predators, as well as the risk of being buried in the sand by wind or rain.

How do Black Blister Beetle communicate in their environment? They use chemical signals to communicate with other organisms in their environment. These signals are released into the air and can be detected by other organisms in the area. They also use physical contact to communicate with other organisms.

Examples: They release a pungent odor, they produce a loud clicking sound, they vibrate their bodies

How does the Black Blister Beetle get territorial? Marking, Defending, Aggression

Diet and Predators

Diet Summary: Brachinus fumans primarily feed on small insects such as ants, beetles, and caterpillars. They also consume plant material such as leaves, flowers, and fruits. Toxic and unhealthy foods for this organism include insecticides, herbicides, and other chemicals.

Predators: Brachinus fumans, commonly known as the black ground beetle, is threatened by a variety of predators, environmental changes, and negative impacts to its population growth. These include habitat destruction, climate change, and predation by birds, small mammals, and other invertebrates. These threats have caused a decrease in the population of Brachinus fumans, making it an endangered species.

Threats: Habitat Loss, Climate Change, Disease, Pesticides, Predators (Foxes, Coyotes, Weasels, Hawks, Owls)

Life cycle & population of the Brachinus fumans & Insecta

Life cycle: Brachinus fumans reproduce by laying eggs in the soil. The eggs hatch into larvae, which feed on decaying organic matter and other small organisms. The larvae then pupate and emerge as adults. Adults feed on small insects and other invertebrates. They can live for up to two years and reproduce multiple times during their lifespan.

Most common health issues: Respiratory Issues, Skin Irritation, Allergic Reactions

Threats: Habitat Loss, Climate Change, Disease, Pesticides, Predators (Foxes, Coyotes, Weasels, Hawks, Owls)

Common diseases that threaten the Black Blister Beetle population: Malnutrition, Parasitic Infections, Respiratory Infections, Gastrointestinal Infections, Skin Infections, Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes, Cancer, Anemia, Obesity

Population: Brachinus fumans population has been steadily decreasing since 2010, with the lowest population recorded in 2018. The population peaked in 2009 with an estimated population of 1,000 individuals. The population has decreased by an average of 10% each year since 2010.

Black Blister Beetle Environment

How do Black Blister Beetle adapt to their environment Brachinus fumans, commonly known as the Bombardier Beetle, is an insect that has adapted to its environment by developing a defense mechanism that allows it to spray a hot, noxious chemical when threatened. This chemical is produced by two glands located in the beetle's abdomen and is released through two tubes located at the end of its abdomen. This adaptation helps the beetle to ward off predators and survive in its environment. For example, when a bird tries to eat the beetle, it will spray the hot chemical, causing the bird to fly away.

What's their social structure? Brachinus fumans are a species of ground beetle that live in the soil of grasslands and woodlands. They are omnivores, meaning they feed on both plants and animals, and are part of the food chain as both predators and prey. They live in family groups, with the female laying eggs in the soil and the male protecting the eggs and larvae. They interact with their family and species by communicating through chemical signals, such as pheromones, and by using their antennae to detect vibrations in the soil. They also use their mandibles to fight off predators and to defend their territory.

How would you describe their survival instincts? They have a variety of survival instincts that allow them to respond to their environment. They are able to detect chemical signals in the air and use them to locate food and mates. They also have the ability to detect vibrations in the ground and use them to detect predators. They can also detect changes in light and temperature and use them to find shelter. In response to these stimuli, they can move quickly, hide, or even release a noxious chemical to ward off predators.