Chamaeleonidae are a family of small to mid-sized lizards that are distinguished by their ability to change color. They have long, slender bodies, long tails, and short legs. They are found in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Madagascar, and southern Europe. They have a lifespan of up to 10 years and their current population is stable. They inhabit a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and deserts.
Name Origin: The name Chamaeleonidae is derived from the Greek word chamai, meaning "on the ground", and leon, meaning "lion". This is because chameleons are known for their ability to change color and blend in with their surroundings, much like a lion stalking its prey.
Related Species: Bradypodion, Calumma, Furcifer, Rhampholeon, Trioceros