Gallinago gallinago, commonly known as the Common Snipe, is a migratory wader bird with a distinctive long bill. It has a mottled brown back and wings, a white belly, and a white stripe above the eye. It is found in wetland habitats such as marshes, bogs, and wet meadows, and breeds in temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. The average lifespan of the Common Snipe is 4-5 years, and the current population is estimated to be between 1 and 10 million individuals.
Name Origin: The scientific name Gallinago gallinago is derived from the Latin word gallina, meaning “hen” or “chicken”. This is likely due to the bird's resemblance to a small chicken, as it is a small, stocky wading bird with a short bill and rounded wings. The species is also known as the Common Snipe, which is likely a reference to its habit of suddenly taking flight when disturbed.
Related Species: Limnodromus griseus, Limosa lapponica, Limosa haemastica, Scolopax rusticola