Appearance Summary: Icterus mesomelas is a medium-sized blackbird with a bright yellow shoulder patch and a yellow-orange bill. It has a black head, back, and wings, and a white belly. The tail is black with white outer feathers. The eyes are dark brown and the legs are gray. The male has a black throat and a yellowish-orange breast, while the female has a gray throat and a yellowish-orange breast. The juvenile is similar to the adult but has a brownish-gray head and back.
Facial description: Icterus mesomelas has a black head and neck, with a yellow-orange breast and belly. Its wings are black with yellow-orange edges, and its tail is black with yellow-orange tips. It has a yellow-orange eye-ring and a black bill. Its legs and feet are gray.
What are the distinct features of Eastern Orchard Oriole? Colorful plumage, black head, yellow-orange body, yellow-orange tail, yellow-orange wings, black bill, black legs, loud whistles, melodious warbling, foraging in flocks, nesting in colonies, aggressive behavior towards intruders.
What makes them unique?
Eastern Orchard Oriole body color description: Black, yellow, and orange
skin type: The Icterus mesomelas has a glossy black plumage with a bright yellow-orange chest and belly. Its wings and tail feathers are edged with white, giving it a striking contrast of colors.
Strengths: Camouflage, Flight, Adaptability, Social Behavior, Foraging Ability
Weaknesses: Susceptible to nest predation, Limited range, Low reproductive rate, Low genetic diversity, Habitat destruction, Climate change, Pesticide use