Brugia malayi is a small, thread-like nematode parasite that is a major cause of lymphatic filariasis. It is a vector-borne disease, meaning it is transmitted by mosquitoes. The parasite is white in color and measures between 0.2 and 0.4 millimeters in length. It has a three-layered cuticle, a single-celled esophagus, and a long, slender tail. Brugia malayi is found in tropical and subtropical regions, primarily in Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean. Its lifespan is approximately one year, and its current population is estimated to be in the millions.
Name Origin: Brugia malayi is a parasitic nematode that is a major cause of lymphatic filariasis. It was first described by Dutch zoologist Pieter Wagenaar Hummelinck in 1932. The genus name, Brugia, is in honor of the Dutch parasitologist, Jan Brug, who first described the genus in 1915. The species name, malayi, is derived from the country of origin, Malaysia, where it was first discovered.
Related Species: Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia timori, Brugia pahangi