Cardinalis cardinalis is a medium-sized songbird with a bright red body, black face, and a crest on its head. It has a wingspan of 8.7-10.2 inches and a body length of 7.1-8.3 inches. It is found in North America, from southern Canada to northern Mexico, and prefers open woodlands, gardens, and parks. Its lifespan is typically 3-4 years, and its current population is estimated to be between 140-280 million.
Name Origin: The scientific name of the cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis, is derived from the Latin word for "cardinal," which is also the name of a type of Catholic priest. The name was chosen to reflect the bright red plumage of the bird, which is similar to the red robes worn by cardinals.
Related Species: Cardinalis sinuatus, Cardinalis phoeniceus, Cardinalis virginianus