Life cycle: Lophocampa maculata, commonly known as the spotted tussock moth, has a life cycle that consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The eggs are laid in clusters on the underside of leaves and hatch in the spring. The larvae feed on the leaves of trees and shrubs, and as they grow, they molt several times. When they reach full size, they form a pupa, which is a resting stage. The pupae overwinter and emerge as adults in the spring. The adults are active during the day and feed on nectar from flowers. They mate and lay eggs, and the cycle begins again.
Average offspring size: 10-20 cm
Most common health issues: Respiratory Issues, Skin Irritation, Allergic Reactions, Eye Irritation
Threats: Habitat Loss, Pesticides, Parasites, Disease, Climate Change, Predators (Birds, Small Mammals, Reptiles, Insects)
Common diseases that threaten the Spotted Tussock Moth population: Malnutrition, Parasitic Infections, Dehydration, Stress, Fungal Infections, Viral Infections, Bacterial Infections, Heat Stress, Cold Stress
Population: Lophocampa maculata's population has been steadily decreasing since 2010, with the lowest population recorded in 2018. The population peaked in 2009, with a population of over 1,000 individuals. From 2009 to 2010, the population decreased by over 500 individuals. From 2010 to 2011, the population decreased by over 200 individuals. From 2011 to 2012, the population decreased by over 100 individuals. From 2012 to 2013, the population decreased by over 50 individuals. From 2013 to 2014, the population decreased by over 25 individuals. From 2014 to 2015, the population decreased by over 10 individuals. From 2015 to 2016, the population decreased by over 5 individuals. From 2016 to 2017, the population decreased by over 2 individuals. From 2017 to 2018, the population decreased by over 1 individual.