Suckermouth Minnow


Suckermouth Minnow (Phenacobius mirabilis) Details

Phenacobius mirabilis is a small fish, typically measuring between 1.5 and 2.5 inches in length. It has a slender body with a long snout and a large eye. Its distinguishing features include a black stripe along its back and a black spot on its tail. It is found in small streams and rivers in the eastern United States, typically in areas with sandy or muddy bottoms. Its lifespan is typically between 2 and 3 years. Its current population is stable, though it is threatened by habitat destruction and pollution.

Name Origin: Phenacobius mirabilis is a species of fish native to the United States. It was first described by the American ichthyologist Charles Henry Gilbert in 1883. The genus name Phenacobius is derived from the Greek words "phenax" meaning "deceiver" and "bios" meaning "life", likely referring to the species' ability to survive in a wide range of habitats. The species name mirabilis is Latin for "wonderful" or "amazing", likely referring to the species' unique characteristics.

Related Species: Gambusia affinis, Gambusia holbrooki, Gambusia hubbsi, Gambusia puncticulata, Gambusia quadruncus, Gambusia yucatana

Phenacobius mirabilis scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Fish

Order: Fish

Family: Cyprinidae

Genus: Mirabilis

Species: Fish

Understanding the Suckermouth Minnow habitat

Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the wonder minnow, prefers to live in shallow, slow-moving streams and rivers with a sandy or muddy bottom. They are usually found in areas with plenty of vegetation, such as aquatic plants, and plenty of hiding places, such as rocks and logs. The water temperature should be between 18-25°C and the pH should be between 6.5-7.5. They are often found in the company of other fish species, such as darters, shiners, and madtoms. They are also known to feed on aquatic insects, small crustaceans, and algae.

Native country: US, Canada

Native continent: They are native to North America, mainly found in the United States.

Other organisms found in habitat: Algae, Crayfish, Dragonflies, Fish, Frogs, Insects, Mollusks, Plants, Shrimp, Snails

Physical characteristics of the Phenacobius mirabilis

Appearance Summary: Phenacobius mirabilis is a small fish with a slender body and a large head. It has a long, pointed snout and a large, upturned mouth. Its body is covered in small scales and its fins are long and pointed. It has two dorsal fins, the first of which is short and rounded, while the second is longer and more pointed. Its coloration is typically brown or olive with a white underside. It has a black stripe running along its back and sides.

Facial description: Phenacobius mirabilis has a large, flattened head with a pointed snout and small eyes. Its mouth is located at the end of the snout and is surrounded by four pairs of barbels. Its body is slender and elongated, with a long, thin tail. Its coloration is typically brown or olive, with a lighter underside.

What are the distinct features of Suckermouth Minnow? Small, elongated body, black lateral stripe, yellowish-brown to olive-green in color, short fins, small eyes, no vocalizations, burrowing behavior, omnivorous diet, feeds on aquatic insects, larvae, and detritus.

What makes them unique?

Suckermouth Minnow body color description: Phenacobius mirabilis is typically brown or olive in color.

skin type: The Phenacobius mirabilis has a smooth, slimy exterior with a glossy sheen. Its body is covered in small, round scales that are slightly raised and give it a bumpy texture.

Strengths: Adaptability, Resilience, Ability to Reproduce Quickly, Ability to Withstand Environmental Changes, Ability to Find Food Sources, Ability to Hide from Predators

Weaknesses: Susceptible to water pollution, Limited dispersal ability, Low genetic diversity, Limited habitat range, Susceptible to predation

Common Suckermouth Minnow behavior

Phenacobius mirabilis behavior summary: Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the wonder minnow, is a small fish that inhabits streams and rivers. It is an active swimmer and can often be seen darting around in the water. It hides among rocks and vegetation to avoid predators, and will also use its tail to create a distraction if it feels threatened. It feeds on small invertebrates, such as insects, and interacts with other organisms in its environment by competing for food and resources.

How do they defend themselves? Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the miracle minnow, is a small fish native to the southeastern United States. It has a few different methods of defense against predators. Its small size and ability to hide in vegetation helps it avoid being seen. It also has a hard, bony head and sharp spines on its fins that can deter predators. Additionally, it can release a toxin from its skin that can make predators sick.

How do Suckermouth Minnow respond to stimuli in their environment? Chemical, Visual, Auditory

How do Suckermouth Minnow gather food? Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the western sand darter, is a small fish that inhabits shallow streams and rivers. It feeds mainly on small aquatic insects, such as mayflies, caddisflies, and midges. To hunt, the western sand darter uses its sensitive lateral line system to detect vibrations in the water caused by prey. It then quickly darts forward to capture its prey. To survive, the western sand darter needs a clean, oxygen-rich environment with plenty of food sources. Unfortunately, this species is threatened by pollution, sedimentation, and habitat destruction, which can reduce the availability of food sources and make it difficult for the western sand darter to find food.

How do Suckermouth Minnow communicate in their environment? They use a variety of methods to communicate with other organisms, such as releasing pheromones, producing sounds, and displaying visual cues. They also use chemical signals to detect predators and prey, as well as to find mates. They also use tactile signals to interact with other members of their species.

Examples: They use visual cues, such as body coloration, to communicate; They use chemical cues, such as pheromones, to communicate; They use sound cues, such as stridulation, to communicate

How does the Suckermouth Minnow get territorial? Staking Out Territory, Defending Territory, Chasing Away Intruders

Diet and Predators

Diet Summary: Phenacobius mirabilis primarily feeds on aquatic insects, such as midge larvae, mayfly larvae, and caddisfly larvae. It also consumes small crustaceans, mollusks, and other small invertebrates. Toxic and unhealthy foods for this organism include pollutants, such as heavy metals, and other contaminants.

Predators: Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the western sand darter, is a species of small fish found in the Ohio River basin. This species is threatened by a variety of predators, including largemouth bass, northern pike, and walleye. Additionally, environmental changes such as increased sedimentation, water pollution, and habitat destruction have had a negative impact on the population growth of this species.

Threats: Habitat Loss, Pollution, Predation by Fish, Predation by Birds, Predation by Reptiles

Life cycle & population of the Phenacobius mirabilis & Animalia

Life cycle: Phenacobius mirabilis reproduces by laying eggs in the substrate of streams and rivers. The eggs hatch into larvae, which feed on algae and other small organisms. The larvae then undergo metamorphosis, transforming into juveniles. The juveniles then mature into adults, which feed on aquatic insects and other invertebrates. The adults then reproduce and the cycle begins again.

Average offspring size: 2.5 - 4.5 cm

Most common health issues: Respiratory Infections, Gastrointestinal Infections, Skin Infections, Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Cancer

Threats: Habitat Loss, Pollution, Predation by Fish, Predation by Birds, Predation by Reptiles

Common diseases that threaten the Suckermouth Minnow population: Malnutrition, Parasitic Infections, Stress, Dehydration, Temperature Extremes, Predation, Pollution, Disease Outbreaks, Habitat Loss, Invasive Species

Population: Phenacobius mirabilis population has been steadily declining since 2010, with the lowest population recorded in 2018. The population peaked in 2009, with a population of over 1,000 individuals. From 2009 to 2010, the population decreased by over 500 individuals. From 2010 to 2011, the population decreased by over 200 individuals. From 2011 to 2012, the population decreased by over 100 individuals. From 2012 to 2013, the population decreased by over 50 individuals. From 2013 to 2014, the population decreased by over 25 individuals. From 2014 to 2015, the population decreased by over 10 individuals. From 2015 to 2016, the population decreased by over 5 individuals. From 2016 to 2017, the population decreased by over 2 individuals. From 2017 to 2018, the population decreased by over 1 individual.

Suckermouth Minnow Environment

How do Suckermouth Minnow adapt to their environment Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the western sand darter, is a species of fish that has adapted to its environment by developing a slim body shape and a flattened head. This allows the fish to easily maneuver through the sand and gravel of its habitat. For example, the western sand darter is found in the Ohio River and its tributaries, where it uses its adapted body shape to navigate the riverbed and find food.

What's their social structure? Phenacobius mirabilis, commonly known as the miracle minnow, is a small fish that lives in the streams of the southeastern United States. They are omnivorous, meaning they feed on both plant and animal matter. They are at the bottom of the food chain, as they are preyed upon by larger fish, birds, and mammals. They live in family groups, with the adults caring for the young. They interact with other members of their species by forming schools and communicating through sound and touch. They also interact with other species, such as the larger fish that prey on them.

How would you describe their survival instincts? They have a variety of survival instincts that allow them to respond to their environment. They have a keen sense of smell and taste, which helps them detect food and predators. They also have a strong sense of touch, which helps them detect changes in the water current and other environmental stimuli. They are also able to detect light and dark, which helps them to hide from predators and find food.