Bugeranus carunculatus is a large, long-legged wading bird with a white head, neck, and chest, and a black back and wings. It has a distinctive red caruncle on its forehead and a long, curved bill. It is found in wetlands, floodplains, and shallow lakes in sub-Saharan Africa, and has a lifespan of up to 20 years. Its current population is estimated to be between 10,000 and 20,000 individuals.
Name Origin: The scientific name of Bugeranus carunculatus is derived from the Latin words "burgeranus" meaning "of a water-bird" and "carunculatus" meaning "having a small red spot". This is likely a reference to the species' plumage, which is characterized by a red spot on its head.
Related Species: Anastomus lamelligerus, Anastomus oscitans, Ciconia episcopus, Ciconia nigra, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis, Mycteria ibis